Flexible, bottom-up urbanism: new opportunities for co-creating future cities?

The goal of this research is to develop new theoretical insights and new strategies for urban area developments, which include a bottom-up approach in the interaction between (end-)users and conventional professional parties involved.

The outcomes of this research will provide valuable information and knowledge for both the professional and non-professional practice, striving to enhance bottom-up initiatives or adapting new (mixed) methods of urban area development. These include e.g. policymakers and local governments, following the national policy as presented in the “actieagenda ruimtelijk ontwerp 2017-2020” (Bussemaker & Schultz van Haegen, 2016), but also initiators of projects, investors, end-users, etcetera. 

The subject of this research is closely related to current subjects and themes of the courses ‘Bachelor of Built Environment’ (BBE) and ‘Master of Urban Area Development’ (MUAD) of HU University of Applied Sciences. Students of these courses will – in different ways – be actively involved in the execution of parts of the research and sub-assignments related to the research.

The current practice of bottom-up urban area developments is characterized mainly by intuitive, trial-and-error processes with little or no theoretical basis. This research will provide this practice with a theoretical, scientific foundation. This foundation will consist of a model in which the determinant factors of success and failure are clarified. This insight - the “status” of the current approach - will be used to further develop theoretical insights towards new, “cross-over” or combined strategies of bottom-up and more conventional approaches.

More specific, the results for the (professional) practice will be:

  • Recommendations. On how e.g. to bring public and private parties closer together. E.g. for future policy and procedures.
  • Tools. Such as matrices in which factors of success and failure of cases are shown.
  • (Process)models. In which the recommendations and tools are used. E.g. financial -, organizational – or corporation-models for future developments.

The tangible results of this research will furthermore be at least four published (or accepted for publication) articles or papers as well as a thesis of which these articles will be part.

Cultural Changes in the Construction Sector

Cultural Changes in the Construction Area

About the Research Group